2 edition of Effects of energy-efficiency programs on load-growth uncertainty for electric utilities. found in the catalog.
Effects of energy-efficiency programs on load-growth uncertainty for electric utilities.
1988 by Oak Ridge National Laboratory. .
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||39 p. $0.00 C.1.|
|Number of Pages||39|
Only a limited number of analyses attempt to model the impact of energy efficiency policies and programs which address some of the barriers to adoption of energy efficiency and have limited empirical basis of how the effect of policies and programs is modeled (see for example, Roland-Host, which considers the effect . Energy Efficiency Programs Audits and Analysis ; and their possible association with adverse health outcomes in model and human systems will be needed to resolve the uncertainty. (p. ) Virginia Department of Health February , USA, Eleventh Annual Report Effects of Electric .
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Some utilities are planning to meet about 20–40% of their load growth during the planning period with energy efficiency (Barbose et al., ) and the Western Governors’ Association () Energy Efficiency Cited by: Therefore programs aimed at improving energy efficiency in new buildings reduce uncertainty about load growth.
In addition, when the economy grows rapidly, existing customers purchase more and larger electricity-using equipment, which increases the potential savings of the DSM programs Cited by: Impact of EE programs in reducing utility load growth () • EE can significantly reduce load growth - Projected load growth without EE programs ranges from % to % per year - Including EE programs reduces growth to –% • Five utilities (Avista, PSE, PG&E, SCE and SDG&E) proposed EE programs.
(REED) (Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships, ) A report summarized electric energy efficiency spending and savings by utility for a sample of 50 utilities, representing two-thirds of total U.S. electric program. This study offers quantitative estimates on the tradeoffs between total costs and electricity prices.
This study uses a dynamic model to assess the effects of energy-efficiency programs on utility. Energy Efficiency and Electric Utilities, September 9, The workshop participants do not, however, necessarily approve, disapprove, Scope of Utility Energy Efficiency Programs 99 Influencing Customer Behavior A variety of DSM mechanisms are in effect.
1 For the purpose of this chapter, portfolio refers to the collective set of energy efficiency programs offered by a utility or third-party energy efficiency program administrator.
2 Measures refer to the. Byspending on electric and gas efficiency programs (excluding load management programs) is projected to double from levels to $ billion in the medium case, compared to.
• ACEEE’s State and Utility Pollution Reduction Calculator Version 2 (SUPR 2) –19 different policies and technologies to choose from to build a compliance scenario to EPA’s Clean Power Plan, including energy efficiency.
At the time of the IRP, utility program funding was about $MM per year −This was the foundation for developing Base Case energy efficiency −Resulted in about 30 MW & GWh in annual incrementalsavings from new programs in each year −Reduces peak and energy load growth. 2 I Energy Efficiency: Challenges and Opportunities for Electric Utilities Box l-A-Key Terms I Energy efficiency refers to the physical performance of specific end uses or energy services such as lighting, heating, cooling, and motor drive.
Greater energy efficiency. Energy Efficiency in Industrial Utilities. August there is an increasing pressure on electrical energy use by the industries especially in the developing countries as a result of.
2 United States Industrial Electric Motor Systems Market Opportunities Assessment, U. Department of Energy, December 3 Ibid. 4 At standard conditions, a column of water inches high exerts.
National Action Plan for Energy Efficiency, which includes a call for more funding of cost-effective energy efficiency. Several states are adopting regulatory rules, including revenue decoupling and financial performance incentives, to reward the utilities in their jurisdictions that invest in cost-effective energy efficiency programs.
Energy Efficiency: Towards the End of Demand Growth is a detailed guide to new energy efficiency technologies and policy frameworks affecting the profitability of efficiency projects. The contributions. Energy efficiency is also likely to play a large role if and when a more comprehensive climate change policy is enacted.
Furthermore, by lowering consumption, energy efficiency lowers bills, making rate increases to pay for new infrastructure more affordable. Thus, investing in energy efficiency is an important tool that utilities. The start of the new year ushered in the legalization of recreational marijuana in California, the latest marker in a growing trend of states moving to legalize cannabis use.
The power. Utilities must be prepared for the new, future business model as self-generation methods — from battery storage to electric vehicles — are eliminating a complete dependency on utilities. and industrial load growth) assumed in the CPUC Goals study with those assumed in the IEPR demand forecast.1 The next key step was to carefully assess the scope of the programs.
The major investor-owned utilities in California recently completed the first round of program impact studies for energy efficiency programs implemented in and The central focus of this paper is to assess the resource planning and policy implications of Pacific Gas and Electric (PG&E) Company`s recent program.
California has led the nation in energy efficiency programs since the s. Due to the state’s efficiency programs, per capita energy use has remained flat, while the rest of the US has increased by about 33 percent. Energy efficiency. Industrial load may revert to trend, with long-term energy efficiency measures moderating growth.
An increase in permanent work-from-home arrangements may flatten load shapes, without increasing. Figure Potential increases in investments related to energy efficiency Figure The effects of energy efficiency on public budgets Figure Public budget impacts by Member State in.
Energy Efficiency improvements can occur in three primary ways in the industrial sector The following exhibit provides a description of each method and their respective investment levels: State spending in industrial energy efficiency programs varies widely.
Based on the states profiled in the Consortium for Energy Efficiency. As clean energy policies have gained momentum, driving ever-expanding energy efficiency initiatives, decoupling mechanisms have been implemented to reduce the disincentive for utilities in pursuing energy conservation programs by making the utilities.
The Move To Electric Vehicles. The Edison Electric Institute claims that electric vehicles (EVs) could provide the load growth that utility companies so desperately need. The electrification of. Participation levels in low-income energy efficiency programs leave ample room for improvement: an ACEEE survey of exemplary low-income programs in yielded 24 programs with an average.
About $ million of the U.S. electric and natural gas utility funding specifically targeted low-income households in The breadth of participation in energy efficiency programs is. Uncertainty is a major challenge in electric utility long-range resource planning [18, 19].
Some of the primary data in resource planning, such as load growth, fuel price, capital cost, outage. Under our medium case scenario, annual incremental savings from customer-funded electric energy efficiency programs increase from TWh in in the U.S. (which is about % of electric utility.
In most states, the PUC sets electric company rates by dividing the company ' s projected revenue requirements in a future year by its projected sales in that year. The revenue requirements is the. Our analysis suggests that evaluation of program effects is the area with the greatest need for additional attention.
electric utilities have operated and planned in an environment characterized by volatile energy markets and considerable uncertainty about future load growth, fossil-fuel energy-efficiency and load-management programs.
Peter Fox-Penner discussed this at length in his book Smart Power: Climate Change, the Smart Grid, and the Future of Electric Utilities (Island Press, ). Models are also discussed more. energy efficiency programs approved by the PUC and the ISO-NE forecasts for solar Please explain the differences between forecasting the effects of energy efficiency on gas and electric.
Please include an explanation of any difference in the timing of when for state energy efficiency budget uncertainty. Although some energy efficiency programs are geared only towards energy savings and would not benefit from welfare improvements, some programs are geared towards both welfare improvements and energy savings.
Bias in Ex Ante Assumptions In addition to the energy rebound effect, some energy efficiency programs. Clean energy and energy efficiency programs. Another crucial issue is how privatization would affect TVA’s clean energy, energy efficiency, demand response, and other programs, and the.
than one time every three years, any lost revenues should be limited to the duration of the energy efficiency plan approved by the Commission under Ind. Code § (h). Lost revenue recovery is premised on the assumption that the utility experiences difficulty in recovering its fixed costs due to the energy efficiency programs.
Some smaller plants purchase utilities “over the fence” from a supplier such as a larger site or a utility company, in which case the utility prices are set by contract and are typically pegged to the price of natural gas, fuel oil, or electricity.
The utility. Agenda PDF ( KB) Trainer Bios PDF ( KB) Integrated Distribution System & Grid Modernization Planning PDF ( MB) Distribution Systems - part 1 PDF ( MB) Distribution Systems - part 2 PDF ( MB) Distribution Systems - part 3 PDF ( MB) Distribution Systems - part 4 PDF ( MB) Distribution System Control and Automation PDF ( MB) Utility.
Senate Bill calls for annual energy efficiency targets, requiring electric distribution utilities to save an increasing amount of energy each year, beginning with percent of total.
The Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products Other Than Automobiles (42 U.S.C. §§ –) is a regulatory program that enforces minimum energy conservation standards for appliances and equipment in the United States. The program .Allowing utilities to recover their fixed costs through a fixed charge is one way to remove disincentives for utilities to invest in DSM programs, although there are also other mechanisms that effectively decouple revenues from rates to remove the disincentive for utilities to invest in energy efficiency .(DPS) forecasts energy demand and energy efficiency program savings as part of its state energy policy and planning process.
The forecast showed growing energy demand and a potentially large supply gap if major power contracts were not replaced. As a result, Vermont committed to pursuing aggressive energy efficiency .